Porcelain History

The first true porcelain - the so called "white gold" - was made in China in the time of Han dynasty around 800 BC. At that time, the Chinese already knew the secret of mixing the right proportions of porcelain building minerals (china clay kaolin and porcelain stone).

Isolated pieces of Chinese porcelain started to appear in Europe as early as 13th century and continue to be imported nowadays. Chinese porcelain was very valuable and considered to be a luxury item. It was light, white colored, almost transparent with beautiful exotic flowers, butterflies and Asian bathers. The Royal families in Europe acquired hand carved and hand painted chinaware for their exquisite collections. In the 17th – 18th centuries it was fashionable to arrange the Study rooms in Japanese style, decorate them with unique vases and other stand along items made of fine china. The whole interior symbolized mysterious world of the Far East.

European craftsmen tried to reproduce this porcelain; they managed to develop faience and majolica, a type of ceramic, thicker and softer version of porcelain. And only in the year 1709 Johann Friedrich Boettger finally discovered a secret that had been known to the Chinese for over 1000 years - the ability to turn a white, hard-paste into porcelain. In 1710 the very first European porcelain factory was opened in Meissen, and in the next 100 years the porcelain industry spread widely throughout the Hapsburg Empire and other parts of Europe.

The most significant discovery in porcelain field was the creation of Bone China. In 1800 in England Josiah Spode developed Bone China as an inexpensive version of hard paste porcelain. There were fifty difficult years of experiments which ended up with a great success. The Fine Bone China is true porcelain produced by adding animal bones ashes to the china clay. 

Due to its superior quality, its brightness and its lighter weight Bone China has become within the time more exclusive and expansive then white porcelain. Nowadays Fine Bone China is classical tableware suitable for special events, state occasions and everyday use. It is admired in the whole world for its delicate translucency and brilliant whiteness.